Carnegie Libraries in the
Elements of the Second Renaissance Revival were used in larger-scale buildings, often faced with stone or marble, with emphasis on simplicity and order. California Carnegie libraries exemplifying the Italian Renaissance are generally urban, more sophisticated, often built adjacent to the street. Nine in number, they are the main libraries of Oakland, Sacramento, and San Francisco; San Francisco's Mission, Golden Gate Valley and Chinatown branch libraries; and in Los Angeles the Cahuenga, Lincoln Heights, and Vermont Square branches. All are extant, are among the more expensive of the remaining California Carnegies, and are important civic buildings in their urban areas.